Do you need a resume or a cv for grad school?
It depends. Traditionally, PhD programs (research based and academic path programs) value your research and publishing achievements – and these are more detailed in a CV. MBA programs and professional schools value professional experience and place less emphasis on research and publishing activities. They tend to prefer a resume.
What is a CV?
A document usually used to apply for positions in academia. CV’s tend to show the research and publication history as a major section, but do not comply with the usual length limit for a resume.
What is on a CV?
A detailed overview of your background, skills, research and publications, including:
- Basic contact information
- A summary of your educational and academic background
- Chronicle of teaching and research experience
- Awards and honors
- Associations and affiliations
What is a resume?
A written presentation of your background, education, and skills. It is mostly used for job searches as an introductory document, but is widely used by MBA and professional degree programs during the admissions process and throughout the program. For early and mid career professionals
What is on a resume?
It is also an overview of your background and skills, but is less detailed than a CV. A resume for professional school admission should include the following:
- Contact information
- Prior education
- Chronicle of work history
- Related computer skills
So how are a CV and Resume different?
For the purposes of applying to grad school, the most notable difference is what the featured section is. These documents are helping present you to an admissions committee that is looking for a good match with their program so you will tailor the document to their interests and show the match.
If applying to a research program or PhD program, feature your research experience and successes. Your research skills, history, and especially papers or publications will be important. If you are light on these, be sure you are very descriptive with the ones you do have. Give a more robust description than you would have if your CV was crammed and bloated with lots of research activities.
When applying to an MBA program or other professional school, you will want to prominently feature your work experience. If you are in the early to mid part of your career, usually this will be a reverse chronological listing of companies you worked for, the job title, dates, and a few bullets about what your role entailed. These bullets are where you tailor your resume to the opportunity / program you are applying for. If it is a heavily collaborative environment, be sure you have a bullet about your teamwork history. If the program is heavily quantitative, have some information about analysis you have done in projects or regular duties.
At the end of the day, you will need to tailor the CV or Resume to match the program and feature the most desirable activities so you gain the strongest chance of admission.